A 1919 U.S. Customs Commission report concluded that the 1916 Act did not cover a wide range of dumping activities that could be detrimental to U.S. producers, whether predatory or not. (Mastel, 1998, 19) As a result, the United States passed the Anti-Dumping Act of 1921. which offers a completely different standard.d As explained by Irwin (2005), the amendment of a law (1916) that is a criminal law punishable for predatory pricing practices to a managed import policy that imposes tariffs on a foreign company because it simply requires lower prices in the United States than the company`s own market. Barcela (1991) proves that many U.S. legislators did not really understand this conceptual change at the time, although others feared that it would lead to a simpler way of protecting imports. It is clear that this amendment has made the U.S. law much more comparable to that passed at the time in Canada and other countries and which has passed similar laws. The word cartel comes from the Italian word cartello, which means “sheet of paper” or “poster.” The Italian word became a cartel in the center of Franconia, borrowed from English. Its current use in the Mexican and Colombian world of drug trafficking comes from the Spanish cartel. In English, the word was originally used for a written agreement between the warring nations to regulate the treatment and exchange of prisoners.

[1] In 2010, U.S. authorities initiated criminal proceedings13 against Wachovia, which had retained $110 million for authorizing subsequent drug trafficking transactions and fining $50 million for failing to monitor cash used to send 22 tons of cocaine. What is even more shocking, and more importantly, is that the bank was sanctioned for not applying the anti-washing rules corresponding to the transfer of $378.4 billion, or one-third of Mexico`s gross national product, to the dollar accounts of the bureaux de change in Mexico with which the bank did business. The agreements are due to the consumer by the fact that their activities are aimed at raising the price of a product or service above the market price. However, their behaviour has a negative effect in another way.